Arnoldshain Seminar XV
“The EU and Latin America Facing Globalization”
September 4 – 6, 2017

Artal-Tur, Andres, Technical University of Cartagena and University of Valencia , Geography and the trade-migration nexus: historical country ties, profile of migrants and social integration effects.
In this paper we explore the role of proximity and vicinity ties in the trade-migration nexus. First, we test if a long-lasting history of immigration flows towards particular destinations influences the size of trade creation effects. Second, we investigate the role of migrants´ characteristics in this process, including the level of education, language proficiency, and professional background. Third, we study how social integration of migrants impacts on related trade effects according to the length of stay at host countries, the age of arrival, and the acquisition of the national citizenship. Our methodology builds on gravity extended equations through panel data techniques with an application to the case of France. We address endogeneity problems through an Instrumental Variables (IV) approach. Main findings result in some policy recommendations.