Arnoldshain Seminar XV
“The EU and Latin America Facing Globalization”
September 4 – 6, 2017
Vienna


   
Alamá-Sabater, Luisa, and Maite Alguacil Marí, Universitat Jaume I of Castellon, New patterns in the location choice of immigrants in Spain.
During recent years, Spain has experienced an important change in its migration flows, both quantitatively and qualitatively. With the economic crisis, the model of economic growth that attracted a large number of immigrants motivated by employment opportunities is disappearing, and the entry of immigrants for reasons that are far from economic issues are gaining relevance. Linked with this behavior are the new patterns of location choice across provinces displayed by the different immigrants. In this paper, we examine the extent to which the location determinants that lead heterogeneous immigrants to choose a particular Spanish province have changed before and after the economic crisis, taking into account economic and geographical differences as well as the presence of network effects. Special attention is paid to the question of whether age, gender or nationality influence the location preferences of immigrants. To answer this question, we use the Dirichlet multinomial regression model applied to the total migration inflows. The results obtained show a sharp change in the location patterns of Spanish immigrants after the economic crisis, thereby confirming that traditional incentives related with new jobs in sectors such as building or, to a lesser extent, agriculture are less relevant, while factors like proximity to the coast and a better lifestyle gain importance. The estimates further confirm that regardless of the economic conditions, network effects are strong. We also observe that the location preferences are more similar among immigrants from more developed economies after the crisis, while immigrants from countries