Arnoldshain Seminar XV
“The EU and Latin America Facing Globalization”
September 4 – 6, 2017
Vienna


   
Abainza, Loresel, Unviersity Antwerpen, The Return to Migration: Investigating the Consequences of Return Migration in Andean Ecuador.
The literature on return migration emphasizes its development contribution through the money (savings) brought home by returnees as well as the knowledge and experience gained by studying or working abroad. A significant body of this scholarship focuses on the entrepreneurial activities of returnees due to its supposed spillover effects in reducing unemployment and poverty. However, it is essential to examine other outcomes that returnees have achieved for themselves and their family to completely comprehend the consequences of return migration. Exploiting the result of in-depth interviews in the Ecuadorian Austro, returnees reveal that establishing a house is one of their ardent aspirations for migration. We use this evidence to assess the consequences of migration by looking at the household well-being through house ownership. Complementing migration-specific census data with in-depth interviews, get we get encouraging results as demonstrated by their gains through the money brought home when they return, the setting-up of business by a few, and the establishment of houses by most return migrants. In addition, the gains in human capital are demonstrated through kitchen-related training, knowledge of the English language, and acquired efficient work-culture.