20 Years of Arnoldshain Seminar
“20 Years of Challenges for Integration, Globalization, and Development”
September 14 – 18, 2015
Frankfurt and Arnoldshain / Taunus

Aguirre, Basilia Maria Baptista    
AbstracttitlePublic Expenditure Efficiency on Education an Analysis Sao Paulo State Cities’
Coco-authored with Priscila Natacha de Oliveira
ShortabstractThis paper aims to evaluate public expenditure efficiency on education in the Sao Paulo State municipalities’ and to identify its performance main determinants. The methodology used consisted in a two stage non-parametric method. The first comprise the calculation of efficiency scores through Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA). The second is a Tobit regression model in which the scores constitute dependent variables and the exogenous factors (non-discretionary inputs) are the independent variables. The regression made possible estimate the efficiency level of each of the Sao Paulo State municipalities considering discretionary and non-discretionary inputs effects over efficiency. Then regression residuals where utilized as measures of “purely technical efficiency”. This can be considered a measure of public resources management efficiency once consider the potentialities of each municipality. The municipalities ordering differences’ obtained with DEA and from the residuals where not small and indicate a significant influence of the municipalities’ socio demographic characteristics over education’s performance and efficiency. Among the most efficient municipalities it is possible to find both big and small ones. The big municipalities lose this position when the non-discretionary inputs effects over efficiency are considered and then they are included in the less efficient group. The municipalities with a small number of inhabitants are maintained as the most efficient. Probably the small municipalities’ better performance is determined by the capacity of its citizens to monitor the behavior of school public servants and politicians and follow closer how public resources are spent thanks to the proximity that exists among people in these smaller communities.