20 Years of Arnoldshain Seminar
“20 Years of Challenges for Integration, Globalization, and Development”
September 14 – 18, 2015
Frankfurt and Arnoldshain / Taunus

Peluffo, Adriana    
AbstracttitleTrade, Firms’ Performance and Labor Markets
ShortabstractThis work presents a picture of Uruguayan manufacturing firms. To this aim we combine data on firms’ characteristics from the Annual Economic Surveys (Encuesta de Actividad Economica) with data on exports and imports from the Customs Direction. We analyse trade concentration as well as performance premia associated to international activity for firms that export and import (two-ways traders), only exporters and only importing firms. Firstly, we find that, in line with previous works, trade is more concentrated than employment and sales. Moreover, we find that two-ways traders are the best performing firms, followed by only exporting firms. Finally, we analyse product and country extensive margins of imports and exports and finding that the product extensive margin of imports and the country extensive margin of exports have a positive effect on two key variables: total factor productivity and employment.