 
20 Years of Arnoldshain Seminar
“20 Years of Challenges for Integration, Globalization, and Development”
September 14 – 18, 2015
Frankfurt and Arnoldshain / Taunus


Public Expenditure Efficiency on Education an Analysis Sao Paulo State Cities’  coauthored with Priscila Natacha de Oliveira  This paper aims to evaluate public expenditure efficiency on education in the Sao Paulo State
municipalities’ and to identify its performance main determinants. The methodology used
consisted in a two stage nonparametric method. The first comprise the calculation of efficiency
scores through Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA). The second is a Tobit regression model in
which the scores constitute dependent variables and the exogenous factors (nondiscretionary
inputs) are the independent variables. The regression made possible estimate the efficiency level
of each of the Sao Paulo State municipalities considering discretionary and nondiscretionary
inputs effects over efficiency. Then regression residuals where utilized as measures of “purely
technical efficiency”. This can be considered a measure of public resources management
efficiency once consider the potentialities of each municipality. The municipalities ordering
differences’ obtained with DEA and from the residuals where not small and indicate a significant
influence of the municipalities’ socio demographic characteristics over education’s performance
and efficiency. Among the most efficient municipalities it is possible to find both big and small
ones. The big municipalities lose this position when the nondiscretionary inputs effects over
efficiency are considered and then they are included in the less efficient group. The
municipalities with a small number of inhabitants are maintained as the most efficient. Probably
the small municipalities’ better performance is determined by the capacity of its citizens to
monitor the behavior of school public servants and politicians and follow closer how public
resources are spent thanks to the proximity that exists among people in these smaller
communities.   16SEP15  09:00     
