20 Years of Arnoldshain Seminar
“20 Years of Challenges for Integration, Globalization, and Development”
September 14 – 18, 2015
Frankfurt and Arnoldshain / Taunus

Mahoozi, Hosnieh    
AbstracttitleGender and Spatial Disparity of Multidimensional Poverty in Iran
ShortabstractDemonstrating frequency, intensity and disparity of poverty among the various gender and spatial subgroups of the society is the main intention of this paper. Respecting the demands, to the extent admitted by the available data, of Sen’s (1987) Capabilities Approach to the assessment of human well-being, this paper estimates multidimensional poverty in Iran. In this study Alkire-Foster method is applied, which is flexible to use in various context of data and dimensions, and is able to capture the intensity as well as the incidence of poverty. In order to estimate disparity of poverty, the multilevel regression models have been utilized with the premise that the households are nested within provinces. Therefore, the disparity of poverty incidence -between and within provinces- was estimated using a multilevel logit regression model, while the variation of intensity of poverty among the poor was estimated applying multilevel linear model. The results concluded remarkable disparity among different subgroups in Iran, while the female-head households and rural households are heavily disadvantaged compared to the male-head and urban peers.